1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we are able to find a safe and welcoming country with changing landscapes that transit between wilderness and also the warm Indian; and a human population that will receive you as if you were part of it. Oman is a nation located in western Asia, on the eastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coast, at the same time, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://visa-oman.info)
To talk a little regarding its historical past, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, considering that there are indications of human settlements in the region, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Additionally, the city appears named the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans recorded the presence of an important commercial port, what is now currently called “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for control of the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries because of its strategic location between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, numerous have been the countries that have disputed the possession of the territory, so it has been a vital factor for the growth and history of the country.
In the 3rd century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam took place. This occurred in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already founded. From then on, this time period that started and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the fights for control of the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet initially found its way to Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the city were devastating, but finally the Portuguese dominated over a hundred years. At that point the Muscat fortresses were constructed, to shield against maritime assaults. Nonetheless, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was accountable for uniting the nation. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a time of excellent territorial expansion simply because they conquered cities of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the midst of the 18th century, after having a civil war as well as the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During that time, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military supremacy and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal clashes?
Fights between the tribes within the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the twentieth century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to ask the United Kingdom for assistance to quell the revolts and even had to transfer his house from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Ever since then, it has the absolute power of the country, renowned as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official house is in the Al Alam Palace.